Are you unsure of the nursing programme you should enrol in following your 12th grade? Learn which nursing degree to pick and which to avoid by reading the blog that follows, which contains a comprehensive introduction to the many kinds of nursing programmes offered in India.


There are a variety of levels and formats for nursing programmes accessible after the 12th grade. In some programmes, you’d receive a diploma, while in others, you’d have the option to pursue a full-fledged nursing degree. Some nursing programmes last for two to three years, while others might last up to four years. Some nursing courses only focus on how to train nurses so that they can work as efficient community health workers, while some go beyond this protocol and teach you how to take care of large-scale patients while delimiting your professional boundaries to a small community. But because there are so many different nursing courses available, novice students frequently find it difficult to decide which nursing course to take to meet their career goals. Read the blog after this one to learn more about the many nursing programmes offered to students in India. Here are various nursing courses after 12th grade.

What are the types of nursing courses in India?

Nursing courses are available in different formats. The following list contains two different types of nursing courses after 12th grade.

A) Undergraduate Level Nursing Courses After 12th Science (PCB)

Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B. Sc Nursing)

This is the course that you should enrol in right away if you want to earn a nursing degree. This undergraduate nursing curriculum lasts four years. The emphasis of the course is on producing highly trained nursing graduates who will have the necessary knowledge and experience in critical care as well as the critical thinking skills, proficiency, and increased tendency toward moral values, all of which are crucial for achieving a high degree of professional growth and achievement in the field of nursing and midwifery.

Who can apply for B.Sc Nursing?

In order to get admission to the B.Sc Nursing Program, a candidate must fulfil the following requirements.

Minimum educational requirements.

a) A candidate with a scientific background who passed the qualifying 12th Standard test (10+2) and received at least 45% in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology when combined, as well as passing marks in English on their own.

b) Candidates who have completed their +2 PCB from state open schools accredited by the State Government and the National Institute of Open Schools (NIOS) are also eligible to apply for a bachelor’s of nursing or B.Sc in nursing.

c) To be eligible for admission to the B.Sc. program, students must take English in the 10+2 grade (Nursing).

d) Colorblind candidates are eligible as long as they wear colour corrective contact lenses and spectacles.And, apart from that, normal candidates with no major medical complications must be medically fit. Married candidates are also eligible for admission.

e) As of December 31st of this year, the minimum age requirement for admission to BS.c Nursing is 17 years, and the maximum age requirement is 35 years.

What are the major aims and objectives of B.Sc Nursing?


  • To create skilled, caring, assertive, well-trained nurses and midwives who are informed, capable, and able to respond to changing demands of the profession, the healthcare delivery system, and society.
  • prepare them to take on responsibilities as professional, competent nurses and midwives in providing promotional, preventative, curative, and rehabilitative healthcare services in any healthcare setting.
  • Educate nurses and midwives to be independent decision-makers within the parameters of their practice, to uphold the rights of both individuals and groups, to do research in the fields of nursing practice, and to use evidence-based practice.
  • Get them ready to take on the roles of practitioner, educator, team leader, and manager in all healthcare settings.


  • Apply critical thinking to the practise of professional nursing and midwifery to synthesise information from the physical, biological, behavioural, and humanities.
  • Working as a professional nurse or midwife in a range of situations with competence and safety.
  • Offer health services that are rehabilitative, preventive, and promotional in accordance with national health policies and plans.
  • To introduce professional compassion and caring while making decisions about how to practise nursing that take values, ethics, morals, and legal considerations into account.
  • To make the students ready to perform the duties of a nurse practitioner, a nursing lecturer, a nursing supervisor, a team leader, and also the roles and responsibilities that fall under the purview of hospital and nursing management, and that too, in all kinds of healthcare environments.
  • Use management, autonomy, and leadership ideas in the practice of nursing and midwifery to improve the standard of care and patient safety.
  • Apply the most recent informational and technological expertise to improve patient outcomes.
  • It is essential to be able to communicate with patients, colleagues, and all healthcare professionals clearly and effectively.
  • When making decisions in evidence-based practice, integrate research findings and nursing theory.
  • Contribute to the development of the profession to enhance the reach and accessibility of healthcare for the benefit of the local and global community.

What Are the Career Prospects for B.Sc Nursing?

To be honest, there are plenty of jobs available in the nursing sector. BS.c Nursing can provide a wide range of career prospects, including the chance to find a new job and the option to pursue higher education in the same segment of paramedical sciences.

According to the latest report published by the World Health Organisation, India now has 1.9 nurses available per 1000 people, which is below the needed rate of 3.3. According to research published by Business Standard, in order to comply with the WHO requirements, India will need to hire 4.3 million additional nurses.

Occupational areas for B.Sc nursing graduates:

Adult-Gerontology; Neonatal; Paediatrics; Women’s health hospitals; Childcare hospitals; Mental health hospitals; Nursing and medical colleges;  In NGOs & United nations;  In Community Setting; Indian Military;  Indian Navy; Indian Air force;  Industrial;  Forensic;  Telenursing;  Health Tourism

B.Sc Nursing Job Profiles:

Chief Nursing Officer; Critical Care Nurse; Nurse Educator; Registered Nurse;  ICU Nurse; Certified Nursing Assistant; Home Care Nurse; Clinical Nurse Manager; Traveller Nurse; Aviation Nurse; Occupational Nurse; School Nurse; Community Health Officer (MLHP); Public Health Nurse; Clinical Researcher; A Nursing Counsellor  

  1. B) Diploma Level Nursing Courses in Nursing Following the 12th Grade (Any Stream)

General Nursing & Midwifery (GNM):-

It is a three-year nursing programme with the primary objectives of imparting the principles of nursing and healthcare to students and teaching them how to collaborate effectively with other members of a health team. GNM is a professional programme that focuses on skill development and employment. The GNM course’s curriculum includes lessons in first aid, human physiology, general biology, human anatomy, and the fundamentals of nursing. Candidates who are pursuing GNM must complete a six-month internship programme after completing the three-year GNM degree, which will provide them with first-hand experience working in hospitals and nursing homes.

Aim & Objective of GNM: –


  • Educate students on how to provide promotional, preventative, curative, and rehabilitative nursing services at their general nursing levels.
  • produce highly skilled nurses who can work in hospitals and community nursing services; conduct nursing practise research; protect the rights of individuals and groups, and assist them in their quest for health

The objectives of GNM

  • To prepare future nurses who would be able to handle critical healthcare situations and deliver best-in-class nursing services to meet individual, family, community, and national healthcare needs.
  • As a nursing professional, you will have to be responsible and accountable for your actions and decisions. You will have to work alongside a female nursing professional as well.
  • To provide women with the necessary care, support, and guidance throughout their pregnancies, during labour, and after delivery.
  • Carry out birth deliveries, particularly in emergency situations, and take care of the infant.
  • To acquire the adequate knowledge and skills’ required to provide top-notch healthcare services throughout their careers.

Who can apply for GNM?

In order to apply to GNM, a candidate must fulfil the following requirements.

  • You must complete 10+2 (any stream) with English. Besides that, you will also need to obtain a minimum of 40% aggregate marks in the +2 examination from any recognised board.
  • Candidates who have passed their senior secondary examination from open schools accredited by the state government or NIOS can apply for GNM. Because a candidate from any of the three streams can be admitted to GNM, it inevitably creates a golden opportunity for students who are not from the Science stream but wish to pursue a professional career in nursing.
  • He/she who has passed ANM with a minimum aggregate of 45 to 50% is also eligible for admission to GNM
  • The minimum age limit for GNM entrance is 17 years, as of December 31 of the current year.  35 years old is the maximum age for entry.

Career Scope of GNM: –

There are many employment opportunities available after GNM. You can quickly obtain any nursing position or job in both public and private hospitals and nursing institutes after earning your General Nursing and Midwifery degree. Here are some of the most well-liked job profiles for GNM.  

Nursing Officer; Special Ward Nurse; ICU Nurse; Home Nurse; Health Visitor; Community Health Worker;  School health Nurse;  Legal Nurse Consultant;  Forensic Nursing;  Nursing tutor in corporate sector

Other Nursing Diploma Courses with Added Certifications (After a B.Sc. in Nursing/GNM)

  • Post Basic Diploma in Operation Room Nursing (Duration-1 Year)
  • Post Basic Diploma in Cardio-Thoracic Nursing (Duration-1 Year)
  • Post Basic Diploma in Neurology Nursing. (Duration-1 Year)
  • Post Basic Diploma in Midwifery Nursing.  (Duration-1 year)
  • Post Basic Diploma in Critical Care Nursing (Duration: 1 Year)
  • Post Basic Diploma in Emergency & Disaster Nursing (Duration-1 Year)
  • Post Basic Diploma in Oncology Nursing (Duration-1 Year)
  • Post Basic Diploma in Orthopedic and Rehabilitation Nursing (Duration-1 Year)
  • Post Basic Diploma in Geriatric Nursing (Duration: 1 Year)
  • Post Basic Diploma in Neonatal Nursing (Duration: 1 Year)
  • Post Basic Diploma in Forensic Nursing (Duration-1 Year)
  • Post Basic Diploma in Haematology Nursing-Residency Programme (Duration-1 Year)
  • Post Basic Diploma in Burn & Reconstructive Surgery Nursing – Residency Programme (Duration: 1 Year)
  • Post Basic Diploma in Psychiatric Nursing (Duration: 1 Year)

Conclusion: –

Your career goals and priorities will determine the type of nursing degree you should enrol in after finishing your 12th grade science course. You should enrol in a GNM programme only if you do not want to devote more than three years to your further education after completing your 12th grade science or if you do not want to become well versed in the details of nursing sciences and merely want to become a nurse for work or even humanitarian objectives. However, if you want to become a full-fledged nurse or a nursing graduate, you need to pursue a B.Sc. nursing degree after completing your secondary education.


1)Which admissions test is ideal for BSc nursing?

BSc Nursing Entrance Exams can either be conducted by colleges themselves or colleges can follow NEET, which is the national level entrance exam for BSc Nursing. A national, state, or university-level entrance exam, such as the NEET, PGIMER, or AIIMS BSc Nursing Entrance exam, may be used to determine admission to the BSc Nursing Course.

2. Which nursing course is best after 12th grade?

The three most popular nursing programmes after 12th grade are BSc Nursing, Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing, and GNM Nursing.

3. Can I pursue nursing without science?

Yes, you can pursue ANM or GNM after 12th, irrespective of any stream you are coming from.

4) Which countries provide the best pay and benefits for nurses?

The Top 5 highest-paying countries for nurses are as follows:-

  • Canada-$71,590 per annum
  • Switzerland-$85,927per annum
  • Australia-$75,000 per annum
  • Ireland- $42,000 per annum
  • United States-$75,300 per annum

5) What exactly does a nurse do?

Registered nurses (RNs) administer and oversee patient care, inform the public and patients about various health issues, and offer counselling and emotional support to patients and their families.