Students who are just out of schools after completing their 12th grades are more often than not, confused, skeptical and even naive about Engineering streams. The most common confusion of all for engineering aspirants is comprehending the difference between IT engineering and CSE engineering.
The two branches are distinct and ironically, they are also similar.
Certain parts of the curriculum overlap in both the courses.
Broadly, pursuing a degree in Computer Science involves the understanding of design, implementation, and management of information system of both software and hardware processes.
On the other hand, IT Engineering deals with installation, development, and implementation of computer systems and applications.
1 – Curriculum
Some of the core subjects of CSE are computer-oriented numerical and statistical techniques, computer-based optimization techniques, introduction to mathematical & statistical techniques in computer science, introduction to graph theory and its applications, robotics and intelligent systems, natural language processing, android application development, cryptography and network security, distributed system concepts & design data mining & knowledge discovery, big data analytics, etc.
Students pursuing a degree in Information Technology Engineering study subjects like logic building and problem-solving using ‘c’, advanced ‘c’ programming principles of object-oriented programming using Java, java programming, web development technologies Unix programming, advanced computer architecture, etc.
CSE engineering involves computing, designing of individual microprocessors, personal computers and supercomputers to circuit design and writing software that empowers them as well as robotics research. On the other hand, information technology engineering deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to store, protect, process, transmit and securely retrieve information.
Making an informed choice after reading in detail about both is advisable for every prospective candidate.
2 – Let us examine the differences between CSE and IT Engineering on the by work profile:
- While an IT expert is essentially the implementer and practitioner of technology; CSE professionals focus on foundations of computing and design and use of computers. They study the mechanics of computation, data processing, and systems control.
- IT professionals use computer systems, software, and networks to process and distribute data as well as find technological solutions for business needs by adapting, deploying, and maintaining the operating systems and programs designed by CSE professionals.
- IT is a necessary element for business growth – both small and large businesses alike. IT professionals can visualize the larger picture and are passionate about how it can help improve performance and solve everyday business problems. Since they need to deal with many people across the spectrum, the person should have excellent communication skills and feel comfortable interacting with others. They may be required to work with cross-functional groups to develop and execute solutions.
In comparison, Computer Science Engineers need to master the intricacies of computer theory and mathematical algorithms that are essential to write code and develop innovative computer hardware, software programs, and operating systems. So, even if the person is an introvert, it is okay, as he is expected to be focusing on developing complex algorithms and write codes. This requires a certain degree of aloofness and independence.
3 – Industrial Scope
The contemporary industry requirement is also crucial as most of the companies are into application development and maintenance rather than delving deep into hardcore research. IT as a discipline is centered around satisfying the computing technology needs of the organizations. It works with the goal to apply knowledge of computing sciences for solving problems.
In India, most of the reputed Engineering institutes including all the IITs, IIITs and most NITs, have either CSE or IT as an option. We can very well conclude, therefore, that companies do not discriminate between hiring a CSE or IT student from the same campus.
4 – Career
Careers for IT graduates include positions such as systems administrator, business analyst/systems analyst, network engineer/systems engineer, technical support specialist, programmer/analyst.
IT specialists are required in fields including finance, arts, medicine, defense, and many public sectors. Companies like BSNL, ISRO, CDAC look out for such aspirants. Leading recruiters are Infosys, TCS, Wipro, Accenture, HCL InfoTech, IBM etc.
Computer Science graduates can take up positions such as software engineer, software developer, computer programmers. Some more options are: systems engineer, java developer, Java Developer. They can create and test computer programs using a special programming language called Java.
Major companies recruiting them include IBM, Intel, HP, TCS, INFOSYS, WIPRO, TECH MAHINDRA, CTS and Dell in India and abroad.
Let’s discuss in brief a few of the aforementioned careers in IT and CS stream.
- A Systems Administrator is responsible for the upkeep, configuration, and reliable operation of computer systems; especially multi-user computers, such as servers.
- A business analyst (BA) analyses an organization or business domain (real or hypothetical). And, documents its business or processes or systems, assessing the business model or its integration with technology.
- A Systems Analyst is a person who uses analysis and design techniques to solve business problems using information technology. Systems analysts may serve as change agents who identify the organizational improvements needed. In addition, design systems to implement those changes, and train and motivate others to use the systems.
- A Network Engineer is a technology professional who has the necessary skills to plan and implement. He also oversees the computer networks that support in-house voice, data, video and wireless network services.
- A Systems Engineer’s responsibilities include managing and monitoring installed systems and infrastructure. They also take care of installing, configuring, testing and maintaining operating systems, application software and system management tools. Other responsibilities are to ensure the highest level of systems and infrastructure available in the organization.
- Technical Support Analysts provide technical support, advice, and assistance to consumers and businesses with technical, hardware, and software system issues.
- Programmers, Developers, Devs, Coders, & Software Engineers create computer software basis their area of expertise. These professionals might be specialists in one area of computers or generalists who writes code for many kinds of software.
For zeroing in on the branch, the students must look into their interest area. The main step is to invest all the energies in wholeheartedly pursuing their selected branch.