Is the B. Tech in electrical engineering a good career option after 12th science- math? What are the job prospects and career scopes of electrical engineering in India? Do we have enough employment in the field of electrical engineering? What to do after completing graduation in electrical engineering? Read the following blog if these above-mentioned questions bother your concerns.
Instantaneously increasing population and pervasive urbanization coupled with the fast-growing electrification, and the soaring per capita usage and demand of electricity altogether add additional impetus to the overall growth of the power generation industries in India. Thus, it is widening the career scope of electrical engineering while generating more employment opportunities for fresh graduates.
Introduction-Scope of B. Tech in Electrical Engineering in India.
In 2022, Can you possibly think of a world without electricity? Can you imagine how unpleasant our life would be without those household electrical appliances we use in daily life such as washing clothes, and cooking and preservation of food, more quickly and comfortably?
Well, I am sure, none of us would ever like to face such a disastrous situation in our life. A world without electricity would create horrendous consequences for our civilization. It would be dark, boring, and chaotic, a world beyond the necessary control and order.
Honestly speaking, electricity and electrical appliances have become an integral part of our life, so much so, that it is almost impossible for an individual to spend at least a few hours without the use of electricity and as well as the equipment and instruments/devices that run on electricity.
Today, having an electricity connection or owning expensive electrical items such as an air conditioner or cooler, is no longer considered an optional choice but the necessities without which we can’t even live our lives with the same degree of comfortability and convenience that we usually enjoy on a day-to-day basis.
Now, such a finely intertwined perpetual relationship between the product and the consumer (here, electricity is the product and we are the consumers, respectively) automatically creates favourable market conditions for companies responsible for generating power and manufacturing electrical equipment, instruments, devices, and appliances. It allows them to grow exponentially while enhancing the career scopes of electrical engineering in India and as well as in abroad.
Pan India, the demand for fresh electrical engineers is growing steadily, especially with the skyrocketing consumption of power. Apart from that, the domestic market of electrical appliances is also expanding at a rapid pace, thereby widening the career scope of B.Tech. in electrical engineering.
Why is there a high demand for Electrical Engineers in India?
Like any other profession, the overall career scope of electrical engineering is directly related to market economics. Here, the market acts as the ultimate source of strength, responsible for delivering lucrative employment opportunities for newly passed higher secondary students looking to build a career in the respective industry.
Following is a list of major factors or parameters that are boosting the demands of electrical engineers, particularly in the companies or industries that are dealing with the core purpose of power generation and manufacturing of electrical appliances and heavy electrical machinery in India.
Increasing Consumption of Electricity: –
★ India is the world’s third largest electrical power producer. According to the latest data from India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), “India is the second largest consumer of electricity worldwide. The total installed-power-generating capacity of India has reached 401.01 GW, by April 30, 2022. However, this is not even sufficient to meet the growing demand for electricity in India. The country needs rampant electrification which would inevitably create the demand for more manpower and open up new career scopes for electrical engineering in India.
★ To meet the growing energy demands of its huge population, India requires more and more urbanization and industrialization which would not be possible without generating surplus electricity. As per the latest study, India’s domestic and industrial power requirement is expected to reach the mark of 1894.7 TWh by the end of this current financial year. Surely, power-generating companies would have to recruit more and more electrical engineers to run and maintain the demands of power generation effectively and seamlessly.
Conducive Policies and Innovative Schemes: –
★ The Government of India (GOI) has allowed 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the Power Sector. A high rate of FDI inflow would augment the electrification process with better infrastructure and further ensure more employment in the power sector.
★ Indian government has also launched several innovative schemes to boost the nationwide electrification process. Popular government schemes such as ‘DeenDayalUpadhyay Gram JoytiYojna (DDUGJY)’ and ‘the Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS)’ are going to speed up the electrification process across the length and breadth of the country.
★ In the same budget, the Government of India has allocated ₹19,500 crore which is approximately US $2.57 billion, under the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme to boost the domestic manufacturing of solar cells and high-frequency solar modules.
★ The PLI Scheme is one of the recently taken government initiatives which is helping a lot to enhance the future scope of electrical engineering in India. It targets 14 different industries/sectors including companies involved in the domestic manufacturing of electronics and IT hardware, solar modules, advanced chemistry cell batteries, energy storage systems, and grid-scale battery systems. These sectors are known to be one of the highest recruiters of electrical and electronics engineers.
Higher Investment & Attractive Opportunities: –
★ over the last two decades, India has heavily invested in its power sector. As per a comprehensive estimation, the overall FDI Inflow in India’s power sectors has seen a dramatic increase between April 2000 to march 2022. It has reached the mark of US $ 15.89 billion.
★ Apart from that, the latest data set for the National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) from 2019 to 2025, also indicates the same direction. It shows that the Indian Power Sector Projects alone consume the largest volume of share (24%) in the overall expected capital expenditure of ₹ 111 lakh crore.
★ In the union budget 2022-23, the Government of India announced to launch of its own Sovereign Green Energy Bond to support the climate and environmental projects related to the generation of clean energy.
★ However, such an elevated rate of continuous investment in the power sectors is bringing more employment opportunities for newly graduated electrical engineers while offering abundant career scopes of electrical engineering in India.
What to Do After B.Tech in Electrical Engineering?
★ Electrical engineers have a higher scope of growth in India. After completing B.Tech in Electrical engineering, candidates have a lot of career options to choose from. Either they can apply for power distribution companies or they can jump on the bandwagon of big Indian brands and global multinational companies who are directly involved in the manufacturing and servicing of house electrical appliances and heavy electrical machinery and equipment.
★ There are several Public sector undertakings(PSU) and government-backed research organisations in India, which regularly recruit Electrical Engineers. Some of these PSUs are listed below
- Steel Authority of India (SAIL),
- Bharat Heavy Electronics Limited (BHEL),
- ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Company),
- Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL),
- Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL),
- Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO),
- Indian Space and Research Organisation (ISRO)
★ Electrical engineers can also apply for respective and relevant vacancies coming out of State-Electricity Boards, PWD department, Thermal Power Plants, Nuclear Power Stations, Hydro-electric Power Stations, Solar Power plants, Indian Army, Indian Airforce, Indian Navy, and Indian Railways.
★ Electrical and electronic goods manufacturing companies such as Havells, Bosch, Siemens, Samsung, Ola electric, Hitachi, and companies in aviation, space, automation, and defence have always been the largest recruiters of electrical engineers. These sectors are like open gold mines for all kinds of engineering graduates.
Popular Occupations for B.Tech in Electrical Engineering
★ Electrical Machinery Designing Engineer
★ Electrical Equipment testing engineer
★ Chief Electrical Engineer
★ A Power Engineer
★ Power-Distribution Engineer
★ Power-Transmission Engineer
★ Electrolysis-and-Corrosion-Control Engineer
★ Electrical Cable Engineer
★ Transmission-and-Protection Engineer
★ System developer & analyst
★ Plant designing and planning officer
★ Purchase and Quality Control Executive
Electrical engineering is a core engineering field, offering a great deal of career scope both in terms of jobs and higher studies. Many may argue that it is an old and dying field with a low chance for further growth and development. But this is just one loose observation with no substantial empirical backing.
Here in India, the career scope of Electrical engineering is great. The demand for fresh electrical engineers is rising with the growing consumption of electricity and electrification. And on top of that, the heavy dependence on household electrical appliances is also boosting the growth of consumer-based electrical goods manufacturing companies.
According to the latest industry report published by Indian Express, India’s Electrical equipment manufacturing market (dwelling in between USD 48 to 50 billion) is expected to experience an annual growth rate of 12% before touching the mark of USD 72 Billion by 2025. This, in turn, would create more attractive and high-paying employment while widening the career scope for electrical engineering in this country.