Science stream is one of the most popular picks among students for class eleventh and twelfth. Most of the students who pick the stream go for courses in engineering and medicine or its related disciplines. There is an umpteen number of career options after 12th science. This is simply not limited to being a doctor or an engineer. The benefit of the science stream is that they can switch to arts and commerce fields if they seek interest in the respective field of interest.
Some of the science students also take up further studies in pure science fields and some go for doctoral programs in India or abroad. Further, some of the government jobs also require minimum eligibility of being a science student. Here is a list of career options after 12th science which can be pursued by the students.
Career options after 12th science
Bachelor of Technology or B. Tech, sometimes known as B.E
B. Tech also is known as Bachelor of Technology is a professional undergraduate degree which is comprised of four years of coursework in the field of engineering and technology. Some of the universities also call the degree B. E or Bachelor of Engineering. The major difference between the two is that few of the universities which offer other degrees along with engineering call their engineering program as B.E. However, the institutes which purely offer professional courses, term engineering degree B. Tech. The aspirants must have completed their 10+2. Some of the popular specializations in the field are as follows:
- Civil Engineering
- Computer Science Engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Electronics & Communications Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
Bachelor of Architecture or B. Arch
B. Arch is also called a Bachelor of Architecture. The program is an undergraduate degree in the field of Architecture and its related branches. The program is the right pick for candidates who wish to pursue a career in the following categories:
- Art of planning
- Constructing buildings
- Construction planning
The minimum eligibility of an aspirant is to pursue this undergraduate program is passing the 10+2 or equivalent with aggregate marks of 50%. In order to pursue the undergraduate degree, one must appear for BArch entrance exams such as NATA, AAT, ITM NEST, GAT UGTP, and GCET.
Bachelor of Science or B.Sc.
Bachelor of Science is popularly known as a B.Sc. degree. It is an undergraduate degree that the aspirants take up to pursue a career in Science. The time duration of completing a B.Sc. degree program is three years for Indian universities and colleges. Aspirants can seek specializations in the following field of interests:
- Life Sciences
- Natural Sciences
Bachelor in Computer Applications or BCA
BCA is an undergraduate course which is comprised of a study of computer languages. This degree is considered to be an equivalent of a B. Tech degree program in Computer Science or Information Technology. The candidates who pursue this program are specialized in the fields related to computer applications namely:
- Cloud Computing
- Game Design
- Hardware Security
- Mobile App Development
- Networking Hardware
Bachelor of Science in IT & Software
B. Sc. with a thorough specialization in IT & Software is a more professional and goal-oriented bachelors program. It is also known as B.Sc. in Information Technology or BSIT or B. Sc IT. This is an undergraduate degree program which students pursue after the completion of Class XII. The program is comprised of a course work which takes about 3-4 years. Students of Science who have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics in their class eleventh and twelfth can opt for this professional program.
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery or MBBS
Among the career options after 12th science, especially for Biology students, this is the most desirable degree. It is a degree in the field of medicine and surgery undertaken at under graduation level. People who study this program tend to become doctors. The candidate must be from the PCMB background of the study. The minimum eligibility of the course is at least 60% marks in aggregate. For admission to any medical college and seek this prestigious degree the students must appear in entrance exams such as:
- AIIMS MBBS
- JIPMER MBBS
- NEET UG
Post Basic BSc – Nursing
Post basic BSc- Nursing is an unconventional degree when it comes to medical professions. It is a two years undergraduate degree program which is relevant to be a professional nurse. The students who pass GNM or General Nursing and Midwifery course after completing their 12th in Science are eligible for the program. Registration as a nurse and midwife with any State Nursing Registration council is also considered authentic for the stream.
Bachelor of Pharmacy or B. Pharma
B. Pharma or Bachelor of Pharmacy is an undergraduate degree in the field of Pharmacy. The course duration lasts for four years. In order to be eligible for the course, students should pass 10+2 in Science (PCM/B) with a minimum aggregate of 50% marks. If a candidate wants to pursue B. Pharma, he/she must appear for entrance exams such as MHCET, KCET or HPCET.
Bachelor of Design (in Animation)
Bachelor of Design or B. Des in Animation is a bachelor’s degree which is usually of the domain of arts but can be pursued by science students. The candidates who wish to become an animator pursue this undergraduate degree. Some of the entrance exams which offer this degree program are UCEED, NIFT Entrance Exam, and NID Entrance Exam. The B. Des degree can be pursued along with specializations in the field:
- 2D/3D Animation
- Animation Film Making
- Graphic and Web Design
- Sound and Video Editing
- Visual Effects (VFX)