Vijay Gupta completed B.Tech. from IIT Delhi in Mechanical Engineering in 1968 where he was awarded the President of India Gold Medal. He completed Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Minnesota, the USA in 1972.
He joined at IIT Kanpur as a faculty member in 1973 and has worked there till 2007, except for short sabbaticals as Visiting Professor at University of Minnesota, and deputations to head the School of Engineering and IT at South Asia International University, Hyderabad, and to head Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh as its Director/ Vice-Chancellor. He was the Vice-chancellor of Lovely Professional University at Jalandhar. He holds also an appointment as an Honorary Professor at IIT Gandhinagar.
He was awarded in 2006 the honor of Punjab Ratna for his achievement in quickly turn-around the academic environment of Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh. Lovely Professional University has named their Central Library after him for the contributions he made to the University.
He was a member of the Technical Education panel of the National Knowledge Commission and has been a member of AICTEs Board of UG Education in Engineering.
He has fourteen books published by international publishers, included one book to popularize engineering among school children. He has produced many video films on popular technology. For one of these, he was awarded the Best Presentation Award at the National Educational Film Festival of UGC in 1994. He has also produced several video lecture series including one for NPTEL. He has authored many research papers and technical reports.
He has consulted widely for public and private sector companies and contributed to several national projects in the areas of aerodynamics and engineering fluid mechanics.