Do you think the work of pharmacists is limited to checking prescriptions and decoding your physician’s handwriting? Well, not true.

Their role has gradually evolved to dealing more with the doctors and patients and figuring out the best medications and regimens.

Besides, they are also involved in discussing prescription options with medication providers and counsel clients on proper usage.

From the manufacture of medicines to their sales, pharmacists are actively engaged in the process. How do they do it? Let’s discuss.

Hierarchy of Pharmaceutical Distribution Pharmacists Follow

A pharmaceutical supply chain is multifaceted. Medications are manufactured from formulations sourced from different countries. Final drugs are then sold.

Packaging, repackaging, and sale usually happens in different countries. Drugs change hands many times before reaching to the patient. Every transaction is an opportunity for substandard medications to break into the market.

An ideal pharmacist ensures that patients receive the right medicine, at the right time and from a genuine location. For this, they trail in the following process:

  • Manufacturing

To manufacture medicines, a precise process is followed, from the initial R&D phase to obtaining the regulatory approval by CDSCO. The regulatory approval allows a medicine to be sold in a market to the final commercialization phase, i.e., over the counter availability.

The process of medicine manufacturing involves a series of steps, such as milling, granulation, coating, tablet pressing, and similar. However, the aforementioned steps may vary depending on the type of medicine, manufacturers, and countries.

  • Distribution

After the manufacture of medicines, pharmacists overlook after the packaging and transportation of the goods. The pharmacist monitors the handling of the medicine from the manufacturer to the end user, be it a retailer or hospital doctor.

The intricacy of this process differs as per the manufacturer locality, the need for import of the medicine, the nature of special handling requirements, and the geographic location of the end user.

  • Sale to the End User

Delivering the correct medicine dosage in a timely slot is the final step of the hierarchy. This step includes verifying the prescription, providing advice, and processing reimbursement claims. These reimbursement claims are planned to ensure the patient receives the full benefit and value from the medicines they receive.

Important Regulations & Guidelines: A Must Know for Pharmacists

The Indian Pharmaceutical  Association is an authorized body that regulates various pharma organizations to make things simpler to manage for pharmacists. Mentioned below are some imperative acts that should be on the tips of aspiring pharmacists.

  • CDSCO: Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO), Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India provides general information about drug regulatory requirements in India.
  • D & C Act, 1940: This act regulates the import, manufacture, distribution, and sale of drugs in India.
  • NPPA: Drugs (Price Control) Order 1995 and other orders enforced by National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA), Government of India.
  • The Pharmacy Act, 1948: It is meant to regulate the profession of Pharmacy in India.
  • The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985: The act deals with the control and regulation of operations relating to Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Pharmacists earned an average annual income of $122,230 as of May 2016. If you are looking for a spot in this field, get set with the information and roll the ball in your court.

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