If you enjoy planning, designing and executing structural works, get fascinated by the structures such as Burj Dubai tower, Bandra – Worli Sea link, Petronas Twin Towers, Civil Engineering is the best choice for you. Civil Engineering is one of the oldest and broadest of the Engineering disciplines, extending across many specialties. Civil Engineers plan, design, and supervise the construction of facilities essential to modern life. These facilities vary widely in nature, size, scope and include bridges, buildings, tunnels, highways, transit systems, dams, airports, harbors, water supply systems and wastewater treatment plants, to name a few.
There are seven major, inter-related branches of Civil Engineering:
1. Structural Engineering
Structural Engineers face the challenge of designing structures that support their own weight and the loads they carry; these structures should be in a position to resist extreme forces from wind, earthquakes, bombings, temperature and others. Bridges, buildings, amusement park rides and many other kinds of projects are included within this specialty. Structural Engineers develop appropriate combinations of steel, concrete, timber, plastic and new exotic materials. They also plan and design and visit project sites to make sure works is done properly.
2. Environmental Engineering
The skills of Environmental Engineers have become increasingly important as we protect our fragile resources. Environmental Engineers translate physical, chemical and biological processes into systems to destroy toxic substances, remove pollutants from water, reduce non¬-hazardous solid waste volumes, eliminate contaminants from the air and develop groundwater supplies. Environmental Engineers are called upon to resolve the problems of providing safe drinking water, cleaning up contaminated sites with hazardous materials, disposing of wastewater and managing solid wastes.
3. Geotechnical Engineering
Geotechnical Engineering is required in all aspects of Civil Engineering because most projects are supported by the ground. A Geotechnical Engineer may develop projects below the ground, such as tunnels, foundations and offshore platforms. They analyse the properties of soil and rock that support and affect the behaviour of these structures. They evaluate potential settlements of buildings, stability of slopes and fills, seepage of ground water and effects of earthquakes. They investigate rocks and soils at a project site and determine the best way to support a structure in the ground. They also take part in the design and construction of dams, embankments and retaining walls.
4. Water Resources Engineering
Water is essential to our lives, and water resources engineers deal with the physical control of water. They work with others to prevent floods, supply water for cities, industries and agriculture, to protect beaches or to manage and redirect rivers. They design, construct and maintain hydroelectric power facilities, canals, dams, and pipelines, pumping stations, locks, seaport facilities or even waterslides.
5. Transportation Engineering
The quality of a community is directly related to the quality of its transportation system. Transportation Engineers work to move people, goods and materials safely and efficiently. They find ways to meet our ever-increasing travel needs on land, air and sea. They design, construct and maintain all types of transportation facilities, including airports, highways, railroads, mass transit systems and ports. An important part of Transportation Engineering is upgrading our transportation capability by improving traffic control and mass transit systems and by introducing high¬ speed trains, people movers and other intermodal transportation methods.
6. Construction Engineering
The construction phase of a project represents the first tangible result of a design. Using technical and management skills, Construction Engineers turn designs into reality ¬ on time and within budget. They apply their knowledge of construction methods and equipment, along with the principles of financing, planning and managing, to turn the designs of other Engineers into successful facilities.
7. Urban and Community Planning
Planners are concerned with the full development of a community. They analyse a variety of information to co-ordinate projects, such as projecting street patterns, identifying park and recreation areas and determining areas for industrial and residential growth. They employ their technical and people skills to co-ordinate with other authorities to integrate freeways, airports and other related facilities.
- Matriculation with 60% marks
- Sr. Secondary (10+2) with 60% marks (Aggregate & PCM; PCB for Biotechnology; any three of Physics, Chemistry, Math and Computer Science, without a gap.
- SUAT (Online Test), followed by Personal Interview
- AIEEE All India Rank less than 3,00,000
- UPSEE Rank less than 50,000
Application form can be obtained from: Admission Office, Sharda University, Greater Noida Campus, Regional Offices and International Offices.
Candidates can also apply online.
Visit University Campus or Regional Offices for completing Admission formalities
Civil Engineers have one of the world's most important jobs: They build our quality of life. With creativity and technical skills, Civil Engineers plan, design, construct and operate the facilities essential to modern life, ranging from bridges and highway systems to water treatment plants and energy¬ efficient buildings. Civil Engineers are problem solvers, meeting the challenges of pollution, traffic congestion, drinking water and energy needs, urban redevelopment and community planning.
As the technological revolution expands, as the world's population increases, and as environmental concerns mount, Civil Engineering skills will be needed throughout the world. Whatever area you choose, be it design, construction, research, planning, teaching or management, civil engineering offers you a wide range of career choices. And there's no limit to the personal satisfaction you will feel from helping to make our world a better place to live.
With the real estate industry at its peak in India and major focus of the administration in the US is on overhauling the existing physical infrastructure, the need of Civil Engineers has only increased in the recent past. After the global economic crisis, the focus of the US government has shifted to constructing new infrastructure in terms of roads, bridges etc., as the existing ones have lived their life. In India and other Asian countries, the focus is on affordable housing, providing civil amenities, road and other infrastructure for all. This has resulted in the government spending a huge amount of money on the planning and construction of new houses all over the country. Moved by the government initiatives, the private sector has also jumped into developing new townships and affordable housing. Under the JNNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission) programme, central government together with state government and Urban Local Bodies (ULB) has envisaged an investment of Rs 14,285 crore per annum for this mission, with central government allocating Rs 50,000 crore over the seven-year period, and an equal contribution being sought from state government and ULBs. With such kind of investment pledged by the central and state governments, the role of Civil Engineers is bound to increase in the coming years, not only in India, but also in other countries.
The major specializations within Civil Engineering are structural, water resources, environmental, construction, transportation, Geo-Technical Engineering, oil industry, mining etc. On most projects, Civil Engineers work in teams or in coordination with many other engineers. Civil Engineers will always be needed to maintain and repair existing facilities and structures and also to construct new ones.
After completing B.Tech., one can look for jobs in road projects, building work, consultancy firms, quality testing laboratories or housing societies. They can find work as a supervisor of a construction site or a managerial position or in design, research as well as teaching in government services or private concerns. They can also work as independent consultants. Those who are interested in higher studies and/ or research can pursue M.Tech. and Ph.D. after qualifying GATE/ GRE.
Civil Engineers are employed in all the major construction projects carried out by the state or central government, the public works departments, the railways and military. Civil Engineers are mostly required in private construction and real estate companies as project engineers. Civil Engineers also employed in various industries to design the structures related to these industries. They can also join various NGOs working in water shade management and other areas or lucrative Indian Engineering Services.
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